Internet Law

Internet Laws deal with the following legal issues:

  • Software law
  • Intellectual property
  • Copyright
  • Rules on fair use
  • Special rules on copy protection for digital media
  • Software patents
  • Software licenses
  • End user license agreements
  • Free software licenses
  • Open-source licenses
  • Product liability
  • Professional liability of individual developers
  • Warranties
  • Contract law
  • Trade secrets
  • Computing and communication industries
  • Unauthorized access
  • Data privacy and spamming
  • Use of encryption
  • Equipment which may be used to defeat copy protection schemes.
  • The export of hardware and software between Internationally
  • Trade on the Internet
  • Taxation
  • Consumer protection
  • Censorship versus freedom of expression
  • Public access to government information
  • Individual access to information Laws
  • Computerized voting technology

Important Internet Laws of the world include the following:

  • Privacy Act of 1974 (United States)
  • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978  (United States)
  • (1986) Electronic Communication Privacy Act (United States)
  • (1994) Driver’s Privacy Protection Act (United States)
  • (1999) Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (United States)
  • (2002) Homeland Security Act (United States)
  • (2004) Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (United States)
  • The Computer Misuse Act 1990 (United Kingdom)
  • India’s Information Technology Act, 2000 (India)
  • Electronic Transactions Act 2002 Pakistan (Pakistan)
  • Electronic Signatures Laws
  • Information technology law
  • Florida Electronic Security Act
  • Illinois Electronic Commerce Security Act
  • Texas Penal Code – Computer Crimes Statute
  • Maine Criminal Code – Computer Crimes
  • Singapore Electronic Transactions Act
  • Malaysia Computer Crimes Act
  • Malaysia Digital Signature Act
  • UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (United Nations Commission on International Trade Law)
  • Thailand Computer Crimes Act
  • ABA Digital Signature Guidelines (United States)
  • Australia – Electronic Transactions Act 1999
  • Costa Rica – Digital Signature Law (2005)
  • European Union – Electronic Signature Directive (1999/93/EC) (EU)
  • Mexico – E-Commerce Act – 2000 (Mexico))
  • Digital Signature And Electronic Authentication Law (United States)
  • Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (United States)
  • Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) (United States)
  • Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) (United States)
  • Uniform Electronic Transactions Act – adopted by 46 states (United States)
  • UK – Electronic Communications Act 2000 (United Kingdom)

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) is a UN legal body working on laws and rules formulation on commercial transactions. For electronic transaction and eCommerce following are some works of UNCITRAL:

  • Recommendation on the Legal value of Computer Records (1985)
  • UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996)
  • UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures (2001)
  • The Model Law on Electronic Commerce, adopted in 1996 by UNCITRAL
  • The UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures, adopted in 2001

Juris Logium provides worldwide services for Internet Law issues.

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